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Definitions and terms used in the fine arts print field have been varied. The older, even sometimes archaic meanins are not necessarily the same today.
There are terms that are quite colloquial to a locality. Then we have the user's interpretation --- whether artist, publisher, gallery, curator, museum,
collector or consurmer. We hope this glossary is of some assistance.
Calligraphy
Beautiful or expert handwriting.
Cancelled Plate
A printing element (plate or block) which has been defaced, making it impossible to produce perfect images.
Cancellation Proof
A print pulled after a printing element is defaced to prove the cancellation of the edition.
Caricature
The deliberately distorted picturing or imitating of a person, literary style, etc. by exaggerating features or mannerisms for satirical effect.
Cartoons
In fresco or mural painting, the scale drawing or sketches made in preparation for transferring or copying to walls. (see also Caricature)
Cast Paper
Paper made by pressing pulp into a plate or matrix to create a work of art in and of itself.
Certification
Certificate
A form of documentation of the authenticity of a work of art.
Chalk
A compacted powder in stick form used for coloring and drawing.
Chop Mark
Printer's seal. (see Blind Stamp)
Chromolithograph
A method of producing a color lithograph by using a series of stone or metal plates having different portions of the pictures drawn upon them with inks of various colors. The process is not generally used today.
Cliché Verre
A photographic print produced from a hand-drawn negative.
Closed Edition
A special private edition.
Cockle
A wrinkle or pucker in paper.
Collector
A person that gathers or accumulates works of art.
Collector Value

Appraised value.

Collagraph
A work of art produced by the inking of any combination or collage of materials and / or objects which form the plate for printing.
Collotype
A continuous tone photomechanical process characterized by its ability to reproduce varying tonal ranges.
Color Proof
In offset lithography, the initial trial proof used to check the fidelity to the printed image.
Colors
The colors of dyes, pigments, etc. that impart color to an image.
Color Separation
In photography and photoengraving, the recording on different negatives, by the use of color filters, of the parts of a picture to be printed in each color.
Commissioned Edition
see Personal Commission
Continuous Tone
Copies with infinite gradations of tones between the lightest and densest areas. An example of continuous tone copy is an original photograph.
Continuous Tone
Separations
Films made without the use of screens.
Contrast
The term used to describe the variations in color and shading.
Copper
The traditional material used to make plates for etching and engraving.
Copy
The reproduction or duplication, generally in a multiple edition.
Copyright
The exclusive rights to the image of a work of art for publication, production and / or sale of the rights to such work of art and to provide protection from unautherized reproduction.
Cotton Linters
The cotton fibers used in the the manufacture of '100% Rag' papers and boards.
Cropping
The cutting away or deleting of a portion of an image.
   
Untitled Document